Posted on July 28th, 2011 by Rachel
A blog post by Summer Intern Emilie Reed.
In doing image research for the articles to be featured in the Chosen Food exhibit, I found myself returning to one of the JMM’s largest photo collections often, whether the subject was food, festivals, even gardening. Name an aspect of life in Baltimore in the 70s and 80s, and this collection is likely to have it.
Which collection is it? In 2006, the JMM received thousands of photos that had been taken, mostly by Baltimore’s professional photographers of the time, as promotional images and to record the activities of the local JCC. Pull any random folder from the shelves, and you’re equally likely to see a nursery school seder, or photos of the adult dance class.
Children at a Preschool Seder (2006.013.1189)
These photos were an invaluable help in finding images to represent Passover and Hanukah. Many traditional Jewish foods are centered around holiday traditions, so finding a professional shot of children baking their own matzoh, or learning how to make latkes really helps to create a visually appealing emphasis on these traditions that complements the text of the article.
Children at the JCC baking their own Matzoh 2006.013.1192
A class of children learning how to make latkes 2006.013.2392
To illustrate an article about the New Jewish Food Movement, which is concerned with not only keeping kosher, but also treating the employees and animals who are a part of the food process well, I was able to find an image of the JCC gardening club hard at work. Small gardens to serve a community, rather than far away larger farms, is one of the concepts the NJFM focuses on as a part of eco-friendliness and connecting people to the earth their food comes from.
The JCC Gardening Club 2006.013.780b
The JCC collection is full of useful photos for future JMM publications, but at over 5000 items, it is a daunting task to record and digitize all of them. Over 2000 have been recorded to the database, and while less have been scanned, many gems are already safely archived on the JMM hard drives. It’s a long process, but one that will no doubt be worth it in the long run.
Posted on June 21st, 2011 by Rachel
Penicillin’s discovery in 1928 revolutionized the treatment of many types of illnesses and infections. It also became a fixture in the treatment of venereal disease, the specialty of Dr. Morris Abramovitz, but I was surprised to not even find mention of it in the process of unpacking and photographing the contents of his doctor’s cabinet. A bit of research revealed that Dr. Abramovitz was born in 1879 and died in 1951, only a decade after mass production of the drug began. Much of Dr. Abramovitz’s work came before this medical innovation, but he still has several inventions of his own.
A photo postcard depicting a display of Dr. Abramovitz’s inventions. 2001.026.062.02
A photo of one of Dr. Abramovitz’s inventions, the Combined Method Apparatus today, taken by me. 2001.026.010b
His most popular and influential invention seems to be the Combined Method Apparatus. Images demonstrating its use are featured prominently in the photos that came with the cabinet, and inside the cabinet is also a package containing the apparatus set to be mailed as far away as Indiana.
A Combined Method Apparatus packed and ready to be shipped to Indiana. 2001.026.073a
The apparatus appears to offer doctors the option to inject more than one solution at a time, in cases where combined medications or multiple treatments were required. Compared to the large hypodermic needles throughout the rest of the kit, this method appears much easier than trying to prepare two of those at once!
A photo postcard demonstrating how the Combined Method Apparatus is used. 2001.026.062.7
As opposed to curing venereal disease with huge hypodermic needles, the brighter side of reproductive health is, of course, ensuring a healthy childbirth for both the mother and baby. The same day as I wrapped up work on unpacking and photographing the doctor’s cabinet, I ended up doing image research for a Gil Sandler column about early 1900s midwives. In the article it states that in the 1920s, only 22% of births in Baltimore took place in a hospital. Among the Jewish community, many of whom were immigrants, the percentage was even lower. These immigrants were not yet comfortable with the environment of the hospital, or the all-male staff of doctors, and instead preferred the help of midwives while delivering their children at home.
A photo of Rosa Fineberg, one of the most prolific midwives in Baltimore. 1966.003.033
Rosa Fineberg, who worked from 1895 to 1919, had a particularly impressive record, delivering over 2,000 babies in the immigrant communities of Baltimore. The JMM was lucky to receive all of her records of her work as a midwife. The books that make up these records vary in condition, but they are all filled in by hand, recording the child’s place of birth, parents, father’s occupation, mother’s maiden name, and even how many children the couple had, all valuable information for creating a greater understanding of immigrant families in Baltimore, but also an indicator of one woman’s thorough and compassionate work as a midwife, serving the immigrant community and aiding in their transition from Europe to Baltimore.
A page from one of her midwife books.
To me, these sort of interesting, unexpected finds remind me why I find museums so interesting. In objects and photos from the past we are not only reminded of facts we already know. We also stand to be surprised by details we may not have thought of before!
A blog post by intern Emilie Reed.