“My Baltimore Friends,” 1893

Posted on January 17th, 2019 by

A blog post by Director of Collections and Exhibits Joanna Church. To read more posts by Joanna click HERE.

This spring (spring is coming, right??) will see a wonderful variety of gallery exhibits, lobby exhibits, and programs at the JMM … which means that the Collections team has been keeping busy, and you’ll soon see the fruits of our labors. It also means that much as I enjoy deep dives into artifacts and documents for the blog, I’m going to keep it short this time, and simply show off a delightful little object, apropos of nothing in particular.

Gift of Alice Liebman. JMM 1996.29.1

Blanche Bamberger Spaeth, daughter of David and Johanna Bamberger of Baltimore, received this signature vase in 1893. It features handpainted violets on the back and sides; gilding on the neck and the exuberant handles; and, on the front, a transfer printed wheel of signatures. Next to her photo, in the center, she noted “My Baltimore friends,” with the date.

Her granddaughter, the donor of the vase, believed it was a gift for Blanche’s 18th birthday, but some inconclusive census research shows that she might have been a few years older in 1893, and indeed she’d been married for three years at that point; on December 7, 1890, she and Joseph Spaeth were married by Rabbi Henry Hochheimer of Oheb Israel, Baltimore. The donor told us that as an adult, Blanche lived in Switzerland and Germany for many years; I wonder if this vase was actually a going-away present from her “Baltimore friends.”  According to the Smithsonian Gardens, purple violets signify “thoughts occupied with love,” which seems like an appropriate sentiment for such an occasion… or it was just the design that the friend tasked with securing the vase liked best.

Either way, our next task is to start identifying the signatures – I’ve spotted her brother, Jonas Bamberger, along with a few other familiar names – and using them to build a better picture of the life of a well-to-do young lady of Baltimore in the 1890s.

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The Favorite Toy

Posted on December 27th, 2018 by

A blog post by Director of Collections and Exhibits Joanna Church. To read more posts by Joanna click HERE.

This past week, my internet browser – which perhaps knows me better than I’d like it to – suggested this article in the Guardian about childhood toys. The browser was right as this is, in fact, right up my alley; not only is it about things, but it addresses through a small lens my favorite topic: what things we save, why we save them, and what they mean to us (both personally, and the broader ‘us’ as readers and museum visitors) when we encounter them again. Full disclosure, right off the bat: yes, the article got me teary, and yes, I do still have my baby blanket.

Naturally, after reading the article I turned to the JMM collections to see how they might reflect this story of special childhood artifacts, whether saved or remembered. Disappointingly, but perhaps unsurprisingly, we don’t have much. The Favorite childhood teddy bear, stuffed animal, doll, or blanket tends to either be lost/disposed of, or loved to pieces; when it does survive, it’s not necessarily something that is thought to be of interest to a museum, being so very personal and/or in bad condition. Household and decorative pieces, art, clothing, ceremonial items – handed down through generations, brought from the old country – those are offered to us; but one-eyed, grungy old Teddy? Why would the museum want that? (Pro tip: try us! You might be surprised!)

We do have a few actual toys of this sort in the collection; here, for example, is a doll owned by Carrie Mann Halle (1873-1944). Carrie, and perhaps her sons and grandchildren, put this doll – name unknown – to the test of what looks like years of love; I suspect she was carried around by her left foot (now partly detached) for much of her active life.

Doll, hand-painted bisque face and hands with kid leather articulated body; (likely) real hair wig; no maker’s marks found; circa 1875. Gift of Doris L. Halle. JMM 1987.188.2.

Without the toys themselves, we have to look for other sources. Baby books, which encourage parents to record every possible facet of their darling’s existence, can be a useful tool… provided, of course, that those parents did in fact commit the requested information to paper.  A few of the books in our collection tell us Baby’s First Toy, including this one:

“Know all men (and women) by these ‘Presents’ that on this 16 day of March 1894 came Papa whose signature and seal are hereunto affixed, and brought Baby its first toy.” Duly signed “Jas. Lansburgh,” with note, “Baby was so pleased to have a rubber horse with a jocky [sic] dressed in red jacket & blue pants.” From the baby book of Beatrice Lansburgh Weinberg Feustman, born in 1893 to James and Mollie Manheim Lansburgh. Gift of Jan L. Weinberg. JMM MS25.

Of course, First Toy does not necessarily translate to Favorite Toy. (If there were a way to predict which toy will assume that role, many parents’ lives would be much easier!)  Photos can help us get closer to the toys that were actually played with and loved; though even then, there are occasional pitfalls. In the two photos below, for example, I suspect the toys may have been studio props.

Julia Friedenwald, with a doll and doll carriage, in a photo taken at Bachrach’s Baltimore studio, December 1895. Gift of Julia Friedenwald Strauss Potts. JMM 1984.23.2136.

Jerome Leonard Mincosky, with an alert little teddy bear, in a photo taken at The Nursery Studio, Washington, DC. Gift of the estate of Herschel Elliot Becker. JMM 1989.102.26.

In the family portrait below, it’s possible that the toy held by the youngest family member is yet another prop… but I find myself more inclined to think that it might be her own doll, having traveled with her on the family’s journey across Russia en route to the US.

Ida Fruman and her children, taken in a western Russia studio after their trek across Siberia, on their way to join her husband in Baltimore.  From left to right: Sophie, Fannie, Helen, Ida, Mary (in mother Ida’s lap, with a small rag doll), Charlie and Bessie, 1917. Gift of Helen B. Aiken (daughter of Bessie). JMM 1988.34.2.

Still, snapshots and candid photos are a better way to find the toys that were really used:

From a Weinberg family album: Helen Weinberg with “Dolly” in 1905, and Ruth Weinberg with a teddy bear, 1907.  Gift of Jan L. Weinberg. JMM 1996.127.23.15a, .29b.

A personal favorite photo: the Liberles siblings, Ned Jr. and Rose, posed in front of a tree with several romping stuffed animals, in the West Arlington neighborhood of Baltimore, circa 1910. Gift of D.C. Liberles. JMM 1980.29.20b.

What we don’t have, to go with all these photos and archival records, are the personal stories: the memoir or interview or note on a photo that confirms that Dolly was treasured above all (or only for a week). In some cases, further digging and research may help us discover these stories. But as often happens, a certain amount of supposition must come into play, no pun intended, as we build the histories of Maryland’s Jewish community.

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Thanksgiving Eve Festivities in Baltimore, 1920s-30s

Posted on November 21st, 2018 by

A blog post by Director of Collections and Exhibits Joanna Church. To read more posts by Joanna click HERE.

Happy Thanksgiving Eve! It’s traditionally the busiest travel day of the year in the US (though the Sunday afterward has taken the top spot in recent years), and apparently it is now a big party night, too.  I feel like “Thanksgiving Eve” wasn’t really a thing when I was younger, but as our archives attest, many decades ago it was definitely an occasion for partying.

The large clipping is from the Baltimore Sun, Nov 30, 1922; the smaller one is likely from the Jewish Times. Gift of Adelaide Altman Habel. JMM 2013.27.10-.11

Miss Hilda Brager was presented at the 65th (!) annual Harmony Circle Thanksgiving Eve Ball on Wednesday, November 29th, 1922, at the Hotel Belvedere, Baltimore.  She saved two newspaper clippings about the event and, even better, her teeny-tiny, much-folded dance card, in which her partners for each dance were noted in pencil:

Not a lot of variety in the dances – simply the fox trot, one-step, waltz, and “combination,” no tango or lindy hop on offer here! But Miss Brager did not lack for partners. The unidentified “JHS” appears twice.  Dance card interior, gift of Adelaide Altman Habel. JMM 2013.27.11

The Harmony Circle was a German Jewish social club founded in 1860 (though if the Sun article headline is correct, they’d been holding the deb ball since 1857), largely for the purposes of introducing young ladies to society and, ideally, to a nice Jewish boy to marry.  (For what it’s worth, Hilda did not marry any of her dance partners from this evening; her eventual husband’s name was Nehemiah Altman.)


The Harmony Circle was not the only game in town. On November 23, 1927, B’nai B’rith hosted the “event of the season” at the Southern Hotel (only two dollars a couple!) on Thanksgiving Eve.

Flyer for the B’nai B’rith ball, 1927. Anonymous gift. JMM 1990.108.3

Unfortunately, at the moment little else is known about this event, but I hope it was a good time.


The Junior Assembly of Baltimore joined the festivities by the late 1930s, hosting their Thanksgiving Eve Ball at the Hotel Belvedere on November 22, 1939.

Program for the Junior Assembly ball, 1939. Gift of Isaac Hecht (who served as Treasure of the organization that year). JMM 1993.179.18

This event sounds quite fancy, with “the Beau Brummel of Dance America, Charles Barnet” and “the glamorous Judy Ellington” providing the music, and a breakfast served starting at 1:30 a.m. Please note, if you’re thinking of joining in, tickets are $1.50 per person, and “Full Evening Dress is Obligatory.” I must admit, if I had to choose one of these three parties to attend tonight, this would be it.


So, however you choose to celebrate the night before Thanksgiving – be it on the road, quietly at home, or on the town – stay safe and have fun!

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