Posted on May 4th, 2016 by Rachel
As an educator at the Jewish Museum of Maryland, my job has different facets. I give tours about the Lloyd Street Synagogue and the Jonestown neighborhood to school groups, I help create content for new exhibitions, make flyers and promotional material, and one of my favorite things, crafting. Gluing, cutting, stenciling, folding, coloring, and designing are some of the things that went into our All American Synagogue craft.
On May 1, 2016 the All American Synagogue was the first program of many to denote how different parts of the third oldest synagogue in the United States had aspects of it made in America. The All American Synagogue is in association with MADE: In America and Carroll Mansion, this years’ All American Home. The Education team brainstormed collectively as to what we could create to celebrate our All American Synagogue, the Lloyd Street Synagogue. Out of a shoebox, a jewelry box, paper, felt, stencils, and photographs printed on labels, became a diorama of a synagogue.
Examples of synagogues the Education team created
A lot of effort was put into creating this craft and I could not have done it without the entire Education team. Pinterest did not offer a pre-made solution so we needed to create our own. Thank you to our Programs Manager, Trillion Attwood who created the triangle pediment that went on top of our ark. Our Education Director, Ilene Dackman-Alon who found a photograph of what the murals on the ceiling of the Lloyd Street Synagogue used to look like. The photographs that I took of the stained glass windows, the Hebrew writing on the pediment, and the bricks needed to be printed and cut. Thank you to our interns, Shoshana and Leah who helped me with this task.
The Education Staff cutting out the different aspects of the synagogue
All of our hard work and effort was worth it this past Sunday. It was great to see families at the museum creating their own synagogues. Everybody has a different way of viewing and creating art and I believe these synagogues that our visitors created will be a long lasting memory of their time spent at the Jewish Museum of Maryland! We hope more visitors will come see our other programs associated with the All American Synagogue. On Sunday, May 29, 2016 we are having a block party called Welcome to Jonestown and on Sunday, June 26, 2016 we are having a part lecture/workshop called A Glimpse into the World of Sofer. Bell, Book, and Candle is our specialty tour that will occur every Sunday at 3 pm. Come be a history detective and we hope to see you there!
Some examples of some of the synagogues our visitors created
A blog post by Museum Educator Kelly Suredam. To read more posts by Kelly click HERE.
Posted on April 15th, 2016 by Rachel
Starting May 1st!
From May 1 to July 10, 2016, our Historic Jonestown neighbor, the Carroll Mansion will be transformed into a showcase for some of the most innovative manufacturers and craftsmen in Baltimore and across the nation. The Mansion has been designated the “All American House” by the MADE: In America organization. To celebrate, the city invited other historic sites to participate in presenting “Baltimore’s American Treasures.” We couldn’t resist recognizing our own Lloyd Street Synagogue as the “All American Synagogue.”
Built in 1845, the Lloyd Street Synagogue is the third oldest Jewish house of worship still standing in the United States. The building was designed by Robert Cary Long Jr., a prominent architect of churches during that time. Nearly every component of the original building along with the 1860 renovation and addition were the result of American craft and manufacturers.
For several months a great team of interns and staff have been scouring through records and photos related to the material culture of the building and its contents. By “material culture” we mean the physical evidence of a culture; and the interpretation of objects and the social context in which they were made and employed.
Article on re-dedication of the Lloyd Street Synagogue, 1905
Our research included Baltimore City Directories from 1843-1845; newspapers, congregational minutes, Maryland Historical Society archives, Baltimore Hebrew Congregation Archives, and the JMM’s own thorough research files, etc. The building has had such an extensive history, serving first as a traditional synagogue founded by German immigrants, and transformed later into a congregation that embraced reform traditions. The building was later sold to a Lithuanian Catholic Church and years later sold again to immigrants from Eastern Europe that transformed the building into a thriving center for Jewish tradition in East Baltimore. Each of the congregations used local manufacturers and craftsmen to build and design many of the elements featured in the buildings like the Holy Ark, the organ, and the pews.
Bell illustration by Jonathon Scott Fuqua
We’ve come up with many fresh insights, but found ourselves still struggling with a few unanswered questions. Where did the original torah scroll come from, what happened to the church’s bell, and how did we get conflicting stories of how the current chandeliers were acquired? We decided that the best way to resolve these mysteries was to “crowdsource” the clues. And that has led to the idea of putting together – “The Book, Bell and Candle Mystery” experience, a tour of the Lloyd Street Synagogue with an interactive twist. Part of the Book, Bell and Candle Mystery, will be to share with you the new stories and clues we’ve uncovered about the ritual objects used in the building. But part will also be to get your input on unanswered questions that we still have pertaining to the objects, so we can crack the mysteries.
Posted on January 25th, 2016 by Rachel
As I write this blog, the weather reports are calling for a major blizzard to hit the Baltimore/Washington corridor. The idea of snowstorm is kind of nice- thinking about it happening over the weekend-not really having to be anywhere except home with family, a fire, and lots of good food and drink. However, my mind wanders back to two weeks ago, over Winter Break, enjoying 80 degree days in Hilton Head and Charleston, South Carolina.
The purpose of the trip to the south was to relax, ride bikes and visit Number #2 – Kalal Kadosh Bet Elohim (KKBE). Why did do I care about Kalal Kadosh Bet Elohim. Part of the visitor’s experience at the Jewish Museum of Maryland is to take a tour of the Lloyd Street Synagogue. We tell our visitors that the Lloyd Street Synagogue (LSS) is the third oldest synagogue in the country still standing in its original spot. Touro Synagogue in Newport Rhode Island is Number #1 – built in 1759 and is the oldest existing synagogue building in the United States. Kalal Kadosh Bet Elohim is Number #2 and we as the owners of the Lloyd Street Synagogue here at the JMM are Number #3!
Kalal Kadosh Bet Elohim
The Jewish community of Charleston can be traced back to 1695. Jews were attracted to the civil and religious liberties of South Carolina, and by 1749, these early pioneers organized the congregation, Kalal Kadosh Bet Elohim (Holy Congregation House of God). Similar to the early Baltimore Jewish community, the congregation worshipped in people’s homes until 1794, they dedicated a synagogue described then as the largest in the United States, “spacious and elegant.” The building was destroyed in the great fire of Charleston in 1838, and the new building was constructed in 1840 on the same Hasell Street site. The building is one of the country’s finest examples of Greek Revival architecture. The Kalal Kadosh Bet Elohim sanctuary is the second oldest existing synagogue building in the United States and the oldest in continuous use. It was designated a national landmark in 1980.
I was curious to as the similarities and differences between KKBE and the LSS. The first thing that really struck me was the presence of an established Jewish community so early in the our nation’s history. KKBE was established prior to the Revolutionary War- so it was very interesting to learn about the early Jewish Americans who settled in the US prior to the war. KKBE has a letter on display from President George Washington dating from 1790 extending his congratulations to the congregation. In thinking about Baltimore’s early Jewish community-the Jewish community is really not established until 1830, more than 50 years after the Revolutionary War.
The actual building of KKBE is very similar to the LSS in that both buildings are built in Greek Revival architectural style. The KKBE has six columns when compared to the LSS’s four columns. The columns in Charleston also appear to be considerably taller than the LSS too. Both buildings have very large doors for entranceways in the center of the buildings. The Hebrew prayer and English translation of the Shma are on the outside of the synagogue in Charleston. Both synagogue building have boot scrapers located outside the door. My favorite detail of the “lego bricks” underneath the portico of the LSS can also be seen at KKBE.
The“lego bricks” of KKBE.
We walked inside the sanctuary, and the space is very beautiful and in ways similar to the LSS. The ark is very impressive and is made of Santo Domingo mahogany. The local tradition in the South is to keep the doors of the Ark open. The Torah scrolls are enclosed behind glass inside the wooden frame.
The organ is in the back of the congregation and was installed in 1840 introducing instrumental music into its worship service. Since then KKBE has been connected with religious reform and the congregation was one of the founding members of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, making it one of the earliest reform congregations in the country. The organ is placed -very much in the way that I imagined the organ to have been installed by the Baltimore Hebrew Congregation in 1870’s inside the LSS. in the back of the sanctuary on the balcony level.
One of my favorite things at KKBE was a beautiful mural that they had displayed in the social hall that depicts the “Patriots of Beth Elohim”. The figure on the horse represents the young Revolutionary patriot and legislator Francis Salvador who was killed and scalped by Tory-led Indians. He was one of more than 20 Beth Elohim congregants who fought in the American Revolution, symbolized by the standing figure holding a Bible who represents Abraham Alexander, a Revolutionary officer and religious leader of Bet Elohim between 1764 and 1784. The soldier seated with the broken sword and bowed head represents some 180 Jewish South Carolinians who served in the Civil War. The tablet with the rampant lions and flames represent the brave Maccabees who fought for religious freedom in the second century BCE. The soldier and the flag on the left represent KKBE members who served in subsequent wars.
“Patriots of Beth Elohim”
I am so happy to place a checkmark on my bucket list – I have been curious to see KKBE, especially after so many visitors to the JMM have shared their own observations and stories about the rich history of the Jewish community in Charleston. I enjoyed making the connections between the two historic buildings and I look forward to doing more research over the next few months as we try and showcase the Lloyd Street Synagogue as, “The American Synagogue.” More details to follow! Stay warm this weekend!
A blog post by Education Director Ilene Dackman-Alon. To read more posts by Ilene click HERE.