MS 205 Leo Kanner Papers on Refugee Medical Personnel

Posted on September 6th, 2012 by

It’s been awhile since we sent out a finding aid post.  We’re picking up with one of our more recent collections, which deals with Dr. Leo Kanner’s work in finding employment for refugees from Nazi Germany who had medical training (mostly doctors).  One of the things that I like about this collection is how it connects us to another Baltimore institution.  It’s not unusual for multiple museums or archives to have related materials.  People and even organizations are often part of multiple groups and communities.  Leo Kanner was a member of the Baltimore Jewish community, so having papers here at the JMM makes sense.  He also worked at Johns Hopkins Medical School and so they too have some of his papers.  After you’ve read through our finding aid, click on the link to The Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives to check out another one.

 The Leo Kanner (1894-1981) Papers

on Refugee Medical Personnel

1938-1958 (Bulk 1938-1944)

 MS 205

 Jewish Museum of Maryland

Leo Kanner, c. 1955. Courtesy of the National Library of Medicine. http:///


The Leo Kanner Papers on Refugee Medical Personnel were donated to the Jewish Museum of Maryland by Baltimore Hebrew University in 2006 as accession 2006.27. The collection was processed by Jennifer Vess in 2012.

Access to the collection is unrestricted and available to researchers at the Jewish Museum of Maryland. Researchers must obtain written permission of the Jewish Museum of Maryland before publishing quotations from materials in the collection. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library’s usual practices
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Leo Kanner was born in Klekotow, Austria on June 13, 1894.  After serving in the Austrian army during World War I, Kanner entered the University of Berlin and earned his medical degree in 1921.  In 1924 he immigrated to theUnited States to work at the Yankton State Hospital in Yankton, South Dakota.  In 1928 Dr. Adolph Meyer, the founder of the School of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Medical School, invited Kanner to join the staff.  At Johns Hopkins Kanner established the first child psychology clinic in the United States in 1930.  Kanner became well known for his work in child psychology and his studies of autism.

Kanner married June Lewin in 1921 and they had a son, Albert Kanner who became a doctor.  Kanner died in 1981 in Sykesville, Maryland.


The Leo Kanner Papers on Refugee Medical Personnel contain correspondence related to the employment of German refugee doctors before, during and after World War II.  The correspondence concerns the immigration, certification, and employment of medical personnel (mostly doctors).  Kanner corresponded with government officials, potential employers, the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, the doctors themselves, etc.  Some of the letters, particularly those written by the refugee medical personnel, are in German.  Mini biographies for many of the individuals concerned are written on stationary from The Johns Hopkins Hospital Harriet Lane Home for Invalid Children.  The letters are organized alphabetically by the last name of the medical personnel.

Collections at other institutions:

“Leo Kanner Collection,” The Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives of The Johns HopkinsMedical Institutions. http:///


Posted in jewish museum of maryland

MS 147 Hendler’s Creamery Collection

Posted on July 5th, 2012 by

Hendler's Creamery celebration of the ice cream centential, 1951. 1998.47.35.2

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Starting today the JMM is going to be all ice cream all the time…well maybe not all the time, but we are celebrating the 100th anniversary of Hendler’s Creamery with no less than three programs.  Though not in business anymore, many Baltimoreans recall Hendler’s innumerable flavors with fondness.  The old factory still stands on Baltimore Street within sight of the Lloyd Street Synagogue, and I have spotted vintage Hendler’s signs in restaurants around Baltimore.

Hendler's sign from our collection. 1987.102.1

So to celebrate Hendler’s Creamery we’re going to be dishing out a lot of ice cream.

Tonight come out to our first Late Night at Lloyd Street for our extended museum hours and ice cream making.

Then enjoy:

Hendler’s Creamery Centennial Ice Cream Social

Wednesday, July 11th 1:30 – 3pm

Hendler’s Creamery is turning 100!  In honor of the country’s first fully automated ice cream factory, the JMM invites you to an ice cream social – Hendler’s style. Take a guided tour of our current exhibit, Chosen Food.  Then make your own ice cream and enjoy eating it in the JMM’s Rose-Sagalnick board room – once the office of L. Manuel Hendler, president of Hendler’s.

For transporation from the Myerberg Center to the JMM, contact Adrienne Blumbergat or call 410-358-6856.

Mack Sennett girls promoting Hendler's Ice Cream, 1919. 1996.148.7

And finally:


Celebrate the delicious treats of summer with an afternoon ice cream social for the whole family. Discover the history of Hendler’s Creamery, the Baltimore-based ice cream factory, while learning how to make your own (and eat the results!)

Sunday, July 22, 2012

12 – 4pm

$10 per family (for JMM members)

$15 per family (for non-members)

Hendler Creamery Co. billboard, 1923. 1998.47.7.18

Aside from sampling ice cream, you’ll also get to see a little bit about Hendler’s Creamery based on the collections here at the JMM.  What does the JMM have about this business?  Quite a lot actually.

 Hendler Collection

n.d., 1905-1985

 MS 147

 The Jewish Museum of Maryland

Access and Provenance 

The Hendler Collection material was donated to the Jewish Museum of Maryland by Mr.& Mrs. Samuel Boltansky in 1996 as accession 1996.152, and by an anonymous donor in 1998 as accession 1998.47.  The collection was processed in May 2005 by Myrna Siegel.

Access to the collection is unrestricted and is available to researchers at the JewishMuseumofMaryland.  Researchers must obtain the written permission of the Jewish Museum of Maryland before publishing quotations from materials in the collection.  Papers may be copied in accordance with the library’s usual procedures.

(from left to right) Reuben Sachs, Bluma Sachs, Belle Sachs Hendler, L. Manuel Hendler (boy on horse), Isaac Hendler (man on horse), Bernard (Ben) Hendler (small boy on horse), and four workmen on the street with dairy wagon in front of the Hendler dairy on Bank Street, n.d. 2004.107.1

Historical Note

The Hendler Creamery Company began the business of manufacturing ice cream in 1905 under the name Miller & Hendler.  The business was a partnership between Louis Miller and L. Manuel Hendler and was located in the basement of Miller’s residence at Gough and Eden Streets inBaltimore.  Subsequently, the business was moved to a building onEden StreetnearBaltimore Streetand later toLloyd Street. The partnership was dissolved in February 1907 with Hendler purchasing Miller’s interest in the business.

Manuel Hendler continued running the business until 1912 when he organized and incorporated “The Hendler Creamery Company.”  The corporation purchased and enlarged Mr. Hendler’s ice cream business.   Shortly thereafter he purchased the former power house of the old Baltimore City Passenger Railway Company at Baltimore and East Streets.  The new corporation set about equipping the building with the latest ice-cream manufacturing equipment.

Over the years, several machines were developed and patented in the new plant – the Hendler Scraper Grinder, a mechanism for keeping ice cream freezer scrapers sharp; the Hendler Brick Expeller and Slab Perforation which used compressed air to remove ice-cream bricks from a mold or slab; and the Hendler Fruit Hopper which allowed fruit or chocolate to be added to the ice-cream after the mix was frozen.

In 1926 the company was re-incorporated as the Hendler Creamery Company, Inc.  In 1929, the Hendler Creamery Company was one of seven companies purchased by the Borden Company.  L. Manuel Hendler and later, his son, Albert Hendler, became executives with the Borden Company.

Baltimore played a significant role in the ice cream industry, as it was the site of the founding of the first wholesale ice cream plant in 1851 by Mr. Jacob Fussell.  To commemorate the centennial of that event, there was a large celebration inBaltimorein 1951 in which the Hendler Creamery Company and L. Manuel Hendler, chairman of the Ice Cream Industry’s National Centennial Committee, played a prominent role.

Hendlers Creamery Company ice cream advertisement truck. 1998.47.16.1

Scope and Content

The Hendler Collection is comprised of early records of the growth and development of the Hendler Ice Cream Company and records of its purchase by the Borden Company and its continuation as a division of that company.  There are also records relating to the development of the ice cream industry and of the Ice Cream Centennial held inBaltimorein 1951 to celebrate the centennial of the founding of the wholesale ice cream industry.  The final part of the Collection is comprised of records of the Hendler Family.

The collection is divided into four series: Series I.  Hendler Creamery History, n.d., 1906-1975; Series II.  Ice Cream Industry, n.d., 1905-1951; Series III. Hendler Family, n.d., 1918-1985; Series IV.  Photographs.

Science at Hendler's Creamery. 1998.47.23.10

Series I. Hendler Creamery History, n.d., 1906-1975.  The early history of the Hendler Creamery and its activities in theBaltimore ice cream industry are reasonably well documented.  Of particular interest are, an early agreement of ice cream manufacturers to hire a lobbyist to lobby against the state setting a standard for butter fat content in ice cream, catalogs of ice cream equipment, information about improved equipment developed in the Hendler factory, and agreements with distributors and employees.   Also included is information about litigation against the Hendler Company regarding its use of the trademark phrase “The Velvet Kind” for its ice cream.  There are also copies of the regulations issued by the government in 1917 regarding rationing of commodities such as sugar; and the effect of that action on the ice cream industry.

Additionally, there is, what appears to be, a complete collection of copies of “The Dipper,” a pamphlet apparently distributed to retail ice cream outlets by the Sharpless- Hendler Ice Cream Company inMarylandand nearby states which provided tips on serving ice cream.

Subsequent to the purchase of the Hendler Creamery Company by the Borden Company there was protracted litigation regarding the tax treatment of the assumption of the Hendler Creamery Company’s bonded indebtedness by the Borden Company.  The litigation concluded with an opinion by the United States Supreme Court in the Government’s favor. In 1939, a bill was adopted in the United States Congress to reverse the Supreme Court’s decision. This series includes documentation related to this legal action.

This series also includes handwritten and typed copies of an 1830 book on making ice cream.

Color illustration of an ice cream add. 1998.47.4.99

Series II.  Ice Cream Industry, n.d., 1905-1951 deals primarily with the “Ice Cream Centennial” held inBaltimore in 1951.  In addition to that material, of particular interest is a 1934 efficiency analysis of the Horn Ice Cream Co. plant inWilmington,Delaware, and a 1905 edition of “The Ice Cream Trade Journal.”

Series III. Hendler Family, n.d., 1918-1985 concerns the Hendler Family.  There is information about the military career of Albert Hendler, the philanthropic activities of both L. Manuel Hendler and Albert Hendler, and the artistic achievements of Winifred Hendler, the wife of Albert Hendler.
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Probably the wedding of Florence Hendler and Bernard Trupp. 1998.47.4.46


Posted in jewish museum of maryland

MS 203 Borden Family Collection

Posted on June 21st, 2012 by

Borden Family Collection

n.d, 1895-1953

 MS 203

The Jewish Museum of Maryland


The Borden Family Collection was donated to the Jewish Museum of Maryland by Neal Borden in 2009 as accession 2009.051.  Jennifer Vess processed the collection in March 2012.

Access to the collection is unrestricted and is available to researchers at the Jewish Museum of Maryland.  Researchers must obtain the written permission of the Jewish Museum of Maryland before publishing quotations from materials in the collection.  Papers may be copied in accordance with the library’s usual procedures.

Ketubah for Nathan Bordensky and Sadie Nachlas Bordensky, June 29, 1911. 2009.51.20


Nathan Bordensky (also spelled Bordenski) was born July 15, 1885 (or possibly 1887) in Eastern Europe (possibly Polandor, Ukraine).  He graduated from the Baltimore College of Physicians and Surgeons (later merged with the University of Maryland Medical School) in 1907.  Bordensky practiced in southwest Baltimore at offices on Pulaski Highway and Wilkens Ave. In 1911 he married Sadie Nachlas, born in Maryland in July 1893.  Their oldest son, Melvin was born June 16, 1913 and a second son, Jesse, followed about three years later.  Nathan died in 1926.  After he died the family changed the name from Bordesnky to Borden and for a time lived with Sadie's mother, Rose.  Sadie died in 1976.

Sadie’s father Harris Nachlas (born 1867) and mother Rose (born c. 1877) immigrated to the United States from Russia some time before October of 1892.  Harris and Rose had several children and Sadie may have been the oldest.

Melvin Borden married Edith Silberg (born c. 1915), the daughter of Abraham Silberg (a tailor born c. 1884 in Russia) and Lena Silver Silberg (born c. 1888 inRussia).  Melvin became a doctor and the couple had two sons Neal D. Borden and John S. Borden.  Melvin served in the military during World War II.  He died in 1984 and Edith died in 2003.

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Sources: Directory of Deceased American Physicians, 1804-1929 – http:///; US Census 1900-1930

Melvin N. Borden seated at a desk during World War II. 2009.51.14

Uniform jacket worn by Melvin Borden during World War II. 2009.51.8a


The Borden Family Collection consists of documents, photographs and objects related to multiple generations and branches of the Borden family.  The archival collection consists of certificates, diplomas, books, booklets, etc. related to Harris Nachlas, Nathan Bordensky, Sadie Nachlas Bordensky (Borden), Melvin Borden, and Edith Silberg Borden.  The documents are organized chronologically.
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Melvin N. Borden after he retired from being a doctor. 2009.51.15


Posted in jewish museum of maryland

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