Posted on September 13th, 2012 by Jennifer
For the rest of the year we will be posting a series of blogs on the second Thursday of each month that highlight some of our collections related to World War I. Each post will focus on a single topic illustrated with photographs, objects and archives from the museum’s collections. This first post will focus on the troops.
Benjamin H. Goldstein on a bench, c. 1918. Courtesy of Agota Gold. 2002.73.75
Though the rest of the world waged war throughout Europe, Asia and Africa starting in 1914, the United States did not officially enter the fray until April 1917. Despite a strong desire by many Americans to stay neutral, the US government had been building up the military before the declaration of war, and mobilization increased quickly after. Over the next two years, young men from every state in the union entered the military – some willing, some drafted. Not everyone wanted war, but once it started government propaganda did its best to stir up patriotism and support.
Troops parade down Baltimore Street near Calvert in 1918. Parades and other festivities would have helped stir patriotism and promote cohesion among Americans. Perhaps these young men were new recruits marching off toward their training bases, or maybe they were heading directly toward the war in Europe, either way, this celebration and apparent support from the civilian population must have bolstered them. Courtesy of Stanford C. Reed. 1987.19.22
The enlisted soldiers, who made up the bulk of the army, were ethnically diverse – a full quarter of the soldiers spoke no English and African Americans constituted more than 10% of the troops. This was not new or unusual. American troops throughout history included immigrants as well as native-born men. The Jewish troops from Maryland would also have been a mixture of recent immigrants and descendents of men and women who had come to America during the nineteenth century.
Stanford Z. Rothschild, Sr. in front of his billet (the Rifand family home) in Tours, France during his service in World War I, 1918. Stanford immigrated to America as a child with his parents. Courtesy of Stanford Z. Rothschild. 1991.127.20
Once in the army the young soldiers shipped out to the training camps that sprouted up around the country. These camps brought both business and headaches to the surrounding residents. Men shipped out to parts of the country they had never seen before. Lester Levy, a Maryland native, went to Augusta, Georgia for training in 1918.
Lester Levy’s army camp, Augusta, GA, 1918. Courtesy of Janet Fishbein (daughter of Susan Levy Bodenheimer), Ellen Patz, Ruth Gottesman & Vera Mende. 2002.79.569
Though the bulk of young men were destined for the trenches, others filled a variety of positions that keep the military running. Only a few short years after the invention of the airplane, men like J. Jefferson Miller (a Baltimorean) became the first military aviators. Nicholas Beser was a cartoonist for the Stars and Stripes which reported news to the soldiers. Others were doctors or musicians, or provided any number other services that made the army function.
J. Jefferson Miller, Aviators Flight Log Book. Courtesy of the Weiler-Miller Fund. 2008.76.35 Nicholas Beser and friends in camp in France. Courtesy of the Beser Family. 1993.173.29
Nicholas Beser and friends in camp in France. Courtesy of the Beser Family. 1993.173.29
Print room of Stars and Stripes in Paris. Courtesy of the Beser Family. 1993.173.42
Honors and memorials for soldiers who fought and died during World War I began soon after the war ended. Besides the public or government honors (statues and medals) individuals and private companies would sometimes recognize the veterans connected to them.
Tablet in honor of M.S. Levy and Sons employees who fought in World War I. T1989.4.1
Next month we will look at the role of women in World War I.
Posted on February 7th, 2012 by Rachel
The Baltimore Jewish Times publishes unidentified photographs from the collection of Jewish Museum of Maryland each week. Click here to see the most recent photo on their website. If you can identify anyone in these photos and more information about them, contact Jobi Zink, Senior Collections Manager and Registrar at 410.732.6400 x226 or email@example.com.
Date run in Baltimore Jewish Times: June 10, 2011
PastPerfect Accession #: 1993.173.032
Status: Unidentified. Nicholas Beser & 11 men, at religious service, “Passover / Paris”.
Posted on January 26th, 2012 by Jennifer
Those of you who follow our Twitter feed or read the Baltimore Jewish Times know that the museum has reached Manuscript Collection 200! Here is the recently completed finding aid.
From Brigadier General Bernard Feingold's uniform. 1993.43.5k
Brigadier General Bernard Feingold
Jewish Museum of Maryland
ACCESS AND PROVENANCE
The Feingold collection was donated to the Jewish Museum of Maryland by Brigadier General Bernard Feingold in 1993 as accession 1993.43. The Collection was initially processed in 1993, but was reprocessed by Jennifer Swisko in 2011.
Access to the collection is partially restricted. Photocopied materials in the collection either do not belong to the Jewish Museum of Maryland, or have uncertain title. Researchers must obtain the written permission of the Jewish Museum of Maryland before publishing quotations from the materials in the collection. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library’s usual procedures.
Private Bernard Feingold, Ft. Meade, MD. 1938, 1993.43.17
Brigadier General Bernard Feingold was born in Baltimore, Maryland on October 8, 1922. He attended the Hebrew Parochial school until his graduation in 1935 and continued his education at Florence Nightingale junior high school. After his graduation in 1937 he attended Baltimore City College, graduating in 1940.
Certificate of Completion, Hebrew Talmudical Seminary and Parochial School, for Bernard Feingold, June 25, 1934. 1993.43.22
In 1938-1939 Feingold joined the Citizens Military Training Corps (CMTC). Then in 1940 he joined the Maryland Guard and remained there until called into active duty overseas during WWII. He served in the Asiatic-Pacific Theatre of operations and took part in the Aleutian Islands campaigns, eventually attaining the rank of 1st sergeant.
After the war Feingold remained in the army and received a commission to 2nd Lieutenant in the Maryland Army National Guard based upon his military record.
When he returned toMarylandhe met Thelma Hirsch of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They were married on January 23, 1949 inBaltimore. Their only son, Dr. Alex Feingold was born on April 1, 1950.
Feingold continued to move up the ranks and he was serving as executive officer of the 1st Brigade, 29th Infantry Division at the time of its deactivation in 1968. He was then re-assigned to Maryland Army National Guard Headquarters where he first served as the training officer and then as chief military support to civil authorities. On July 14, 1973 he was promoted to the rank of colonel.
Feingold’s final assignment was as the Director of Plans, operations and Training for the Maryland Army National Guard. During this time he also served as the assistant chief of staff for the Maryland Army National Guard. He retired on July 14, 1978 with 40 years of military service.
Following his retirement from the Maryland Army National Guard he was employed as a consultant to the Adjutant General of Maryland and the Military Department from 1978-1980. From 1980-1982 he was appointed State Quartermaster officer, Military Department, State ofMaryland.
In 1981 Feingold helped to create the Maryland National Guard Museum at Baltimore’s 5th Regiment Armory and later was its director and curator. In 1982 he was appointed to the newly created position of Secretary to the Joint Staff which he held until 1983 and he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General in 1984.
Following his retirement Brigadier General Bernard Feingold continued his work at the Maryland National Guard Museum. He died on February 18, 1999 and in June of that year the 5th Regiment Armory Museum and Memorial Hall was dedicated to his honor.
General Feingold in full dress uniform, c.1980. 1993.43.18
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The Feingold collection includes a range of material related to the life and interests of Brigadier General Bernard Feingold and consists of 23 folders that span the years 1922-1988. The collection includes books, pamphlets, programs, certificates, personal correspondence and biographical research related to his military and personal interests.
Series I. Books and Booklets, 1926-1973; Series II. Programs and Leaflets 1940-1988; Series III. Biographical Research 1922-1988; Series IV. Pioneer Women’s Forest Tree Certificates 1937-1945.
Series I. Books and Booklets, 1926-1973. The folders in this series contain prayer books issued to Jews in the armed forces. It also includes several other religious books, readers for teaching Yiddish to children, and booklets related to Maryland synagogues.
Series II. Programs and Leaflets 1940-1988. This series contains programs and leaflets related to General Feingold’s life and interests. It includes play and banquet programs, as well as convention information and collected anti-Vietnam and anti-Semitic leaflets.
Series III. Biographical Research 1922-1988 The folders in this series contain biographical and archival information relating to Brigadier General Bernard Feingold, Staff Sergeant Isadore S. Jachman, Abe Sherman, and Dr. Herman Seidel.
Series IV. Pioneer Women’s Forest Tree Certificates 1937-1945. This series contains certificates to and from the Feingold family from the Pioneer Women’s Forest for trees planted in their honor.