A Research Dive: The Hebrew Orphan Asylum

Posted on January 24th, 2018 by

Blog post by JMM archivist Lorie Rombro. You can read more posts by Lorie here.

A few weeks ago, I received an information request about the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.  The person wanted to know if we could find information on if her grandmother and any of her siblings that had been placed in the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and why. She said that family lore said they had been there, but they had no proof of this. This began another interesting journey through the collections.

The Hebrew Orphan Asylum, c. 1870s. JMM 1984.118.1

The Hebrew Orphan Asylum which was established in 1873 by the Hebrew Benevolent Society, was located on the outskirts of the city (at the time) in Calverton Heights. It would stay at the same location until 1923 when the Hebrew Orphan Society and the Hebrew Children’s Sheltering and Protective Society, which merged in 1921, moved out to what is now Levindale on the recommendation of the newly formed Associated Jewish Charities. With in a few years the orphanage was closed with the children entering the fostering system and the residents of the Hebrew Home for the Aging moving in.

Because the person requesting information had done her research prior to contacting us I knew that sometime between the 1900 and 1910 her grandmother would have been in the orphanage. I began by looking at what we have in our collection, and identified a small book that listed all the girls and boys in the Hebrew Orphan Asylum. I was excited when I found her grandmothers name with the date of arrival and discharge next to her name.

This book has a list of all the children age when they arrived and most have a discharge date as well.

I was not expecting what I found next, two large books in good condition that contained the admissions records for the children from 1873-1896 & 1896-1917. Each book had an entry for each child providing information on the father, mother, siblings, reason for being placed, general health and additional information on family and behavior. The amount of information on each child varies but it allows for a picture of the child to begin. What was interesting is like most orphanages of the time the majority of orphans are “half” orphans, with either a mother or father placing them in orphanage for lack of funds or the ability to care for the child.  Glued and placed in between the pages of the book where additional documents which added to the record. Including court documents, medical records and most important letters of discharge. It was amazing to see where the children went, often home to a parent, taken in by an older sibling when they were able to care for them, a relative or on to a boarding house to stay at because they had a job.

One of the earliest records in the book on Moses Blum, one of the only full orphans in the records.

I was able to locate the record for this women’s grandmother and her great uncle, why they where placed and that two years later their mother came back for both children. The location of the home they where being discharged to and any notes on behavior during their stay. Like many children that had a living parent there where reports of them running away from the orphanage to their parent. One book was able to put to rest a families questions on their history and gave documented proof that the stories where true.

Most children under reason for admission was listed as insufficiency of means, poverty or like the above picture an ill parent.

Court record for the admission of two of her children Lena, age 6, and Hyman, age 4 into the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

This request was accepted and Morris Fedder was given to the care of his sister.

A request to release Louis Cohen’s children into his care.

Not all children where placed in the Hebrew Orphan Asylum often the Hebrew Benevolent Society of Baltimore would give additional funds to the family, mostly widowed women, so they could keep their children with them at home.

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Finding Houdini in Scranton

Posted on October 26th, 2017 by

We continue our new blog series, Finding Houdini, from magician and storyteller David London, who will be serving as a guest curator for our upcoming exhibition exploring the life and legacy of Harry Houdini. In this post, David brings us along to his visit to the Houdini Museum in Scranton, PA. To read all the posts in this series, click HERE.


The  Houdini Museum in Scranton, PA

The Houdini Museum in Scranton, PA

The first stop on my “Finding Houdini” tour brought me to the Houdini Museum in Scranton, PA. Throughout his career, Houdini appeared in Scranton numerous times, and performed throughout Pennsylvania. The museum is run by Dorothy Dietrich (The Female Houdini) and Dick Brooks (Bravo The Great). Dorothy and Dick have a long history in the world of magic, working with many of the greats in the world of illusion, previously managing “The Magic Towne House” in New York City. Additionally, Dorothy and Dick restored the bust on Houdini’s grave gravesite, which had been damaged or destroyed numerous times throughout its history. They were also critical in facilitating the re-release of a long-lost Houdini film, The Grim Game, and are currently producing a Houdiniopoly boardgame! These are life-long caretakers of Houdini’s legacy, and it was an honor to arrive at their museum.

I was welcomed to the museum with open arms and open hearts, The amazing tour of the museum, which is offered daily in the summer, and on weekends the rest of the year, is filled with many exciting artifacts and masterfully told stories of Houdini’s life and career. The tour ends with a live show with the entire experience lasting over three hours!

Some great Houdini ephemera. Check out that peek at "Houdini-opoly"!

Some great Houdini ephemera. Check out that peek at “Houdiniopoly”!

Housed in the museum are several pairs Houdini handcuffs, signed books, a reproduction of the Water Torture Cell, and countless photos, posters, and ephemera. Some of the most exciting items at the Houdini Museum in Scranton are objects from Houdini’s apartment at 278 W. 113th Street, which Houdini fans and historians refer to it as simply “278,” including Houdini’s telephone, phonograph, and beautiful gold framed portraits of his parents.

Me with the wonderful museum runners Dorothy Dietrich and Dick Brooks!

Me with the wonderful museum runners Dorothy Dietrich and Dick Brooks!

But truthfully, the best part of my visit was spending time with Dorothy and Dick. After the tour, we went to dinner and shared our passion for Houdini and the strange and wonderful world of magic. We reflected on the unbelievable but real-life story of Houdini and by the time I departed, I had not only seen the first incredible collection on my tour, but also made new friends. And that’s the real magic of magic!

“My brain in the key that sets me free” -Houdini

“My brain in the key that sets me free”
-Houdini

In my upcoming posts, I will be sharing my adventures in Wisconsin, New York, New Jersey, Ohio and Washington, DC, as I continue my search for Houdini. Stay tuned…

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Finding Houdini: Bringing Houdini back to Maryland

Posted on September 19th, 2017 by

We are thrilled to introduce a new blog series, Finding Houdini, from guest curator David London! David will be sharing his adventures as he tracks down the exciting ephemara, daring details, and fascinating facts on who some might call America’s Greatest Magician: Harry Houdini.


 

In July, while performing at Baltimore’s annual Artscape Festival, I unwittingly called Marvin Pinkert on stage to help assist a piece of magic. At the time I didn’t know that it was Marvin, or that he led the Jewish Museum of Maryland, but the trick worked, people were fooled and entertained, and we all went about our merry ways. That was less than two months ago today, and neither Marvin nor I could have imagined where we would find ourselves today.

A week after that show, I received an email from Marvin titled simply “Houdini exhibit”. He was inspired, and I was intrigued. Emails turned to phone calls. Phone calls turned to meetings. And meetings turned into a vision: Inescapable: The Life and Legacy of Harry Houdini coming to the Jewish Museum of Maryland in Summer 2018.

The World's Handcuff King & Prison Breaker

The World’s Handcuff King & Prison Breaker

I have had an interest in Houdini since I was a kid. On a Houdini poster for his Water Torture Cell escape that hung above my bed since I was an early teen, claimed the act as: “THE GREATEST SENSATIONAL MYSTERY EVER ATTEMPTED IN THIS OR ANY OTHER AGE.”

Aside from the lofty claim itself, I find myself particularly fascinated with the phrase “this or any other age,” for the most amazing thing Houdini ever accomplished was to become the most famous magician and escape artist of all time, who to this day, over 90 years after his death, is still synonymous with magic. But despite being known around the world, few people know his incredible story of transformation from Erik Weisz, Hungarian-born son of a rabbi, to Harry Houdini, the Master Mystifier.

Born in Budapest in 1874, just 9 years after the end of the American Civil War, and uniquely balanced between two centuries, the first 26 years of Houdini’s life were the final 26 years of the 19th Century. Houdini found himself uniquely positioned  at a critical time of transformation, innovation, and radical progress in America and the world. 1874 to 1900 saw the invention of film, radio, wireless communication, the incandescent light bulb, the internal combustion engine, and skyscrapers. These first 26 years of Houdini’s life also saw endless hardship and struggle, which Houdini combatted with big dreams and sheer determination.

Before turning our focus to the second 26 years of Houdini’s life, where Houdini achieved the fame and fortune we are all familiar with, the exhibition will provide an in-depth exploration of Houdini’s early life, including his formative years in Appleton, WI, Milwaukee, and New York City. We will provide a focus on Houdini’s father, Rabbi Samuel Mayer Weiss, and Houdini’s other early Jewish influences, before we hit the road with Houdini, as he travels around the country during his early years in “The Show Business.”

Houdini’s early career, from changing his name to Harry Houdini in 1891  to signing a contract with the Orpheum Vaudeville Circuit in 1899, is both a fascinating and often overlooked period in the Houdini story. Trying to make ends meet, Houdini took every gig he could, jumping from town to town, hoping for his big break, while attempting to realize his calling be a professional magician. At this time in his career, Houdini touched many of the most critical constructs in early American popular entertainment and spectacle– circus, sideshows, dime museums, medicine shows, the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago, and finally vaudeville.

When he “hit the big time,” Houdini needed the world as much as the world needed him. As a symbol of freedom and self-liberation, and after years of trying to make ends meet, Houdini became a worldwide sensation on a scale which we will never see again.

I have been tasked with bringing Houdini back to Maryland. I say back, as Houdini made at least 7 appearances in Maryland in the early 20th Century including at least five appearances right here in Baltimore. In the amazing photo below, courtesy of Fred Pittella’s Houdini and Escape Museum, a crowd of over 50,000 gathers on Charles Street in Baltimore on April 26, 1916, to witness Houdini escape from a straitjacket while suspended high above.

At various times in his career, from 1905 – 1917, Houdini performed at The Maryland Theater in Baltimore, a now defunct  2,000 seat vaudeville house on Franklin Street. In 1925, he kicked off his world tour at The Maryland Theatre in Cumberland, MD, certainly not knowing at the time that it would be his final tour.

In order to bring Houdini back to Maryland, I must first find him. Aside from inside the hearts, minds, and imaginations of his beloved fans both past and present, where does one go looking for the legend himself? Countless biographies, newspaper clippings, photographs, and personal accounts help paint the picture. The story becomes more clear while digging through private and public collections of Houdini items across the country. On this blog, I will document my adventures as I embark on my quest of Finding Houdini, and bringing him to the Jewish Museum of Maryland.

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