Posted on February 20th, 2017 by Rachel
Article by Dr. Deborah R. Weiner. Originally published in Generations 2009-2010: 50th Anniversary Double Issue: The Search for Social Justice.
The Baltimore Jewish community has produced many leaders who have worked to make the world a better place. The range of issues they have addressed is impressive: from women’s suffrage to civil rights, labor relations to helping the elderly, refugee resettlement to eliminating poverty, and much more.
This chronology traces the careers of ten Baltimoreans who stood up for social change, with each person’s entry revolving around a turning point—one for each decade of the twentieth century. This is by no means a “Ten Best” list. The people included here are remarkable for what they accomplished, but others, equally remarkable, could have been chosen as well. These profiles should be seen as representative of a larger group of Baltimore Jews who have made major contributions to their communities and to the broader society in myriad ways.
The 1940s: Rose Zetzer
Click here to start from the beginning.
1941: Rose Zetzer (1904-1998) and her colleague Anna Carton open the first female law firm in Maryland. For Zetzer, it is the culmination of a hard-fought struggle to establish herself in her profession.
Rose Zetzer, at the time of her graduation from Eastern High School. Photograph by Columbia Art Studio, Co. JMM 1998.86.112
In 1925 Zetzer became one of only five woman lawyers in Maryland. Unable to get a job at an established firm—though some offered to hire her as a secretary—she worked on her own until partnering with Carton. (Two other women later joined the partnership.) Zetzer also waged a campaign to join the male-only Maryland State Bar Association, which finally admitted her as its first woman member in 1946. She and other female lawyers had formed the Women’s Bar Association in 1927; she served as president for several years.
Rose Zetzer, portrait by Underwood & Underwood. JMM 1998.86.122
Zetzer was also a champion of legal aid for the poor, becoming the first woman to serve on the board of the Legal Aid Bureau. She devoted herself to Jewish causes as well, including Hadassah and the Jewish Big Brother League.
Continue to The 1950s: Walter Sondheim Jr.
Posted on March 25th, 2015 by Rachel
When you’re researching in our (or any museum’s) collections, intriguing artifacts often lead you to other intriguing artifacts. Our book collection includes this title that caught my eye while scanning spines: A Woman’s Thoughts About Women. It’s an 1864 edition of an 1858 essay, with one of those discreet Victorian “By the Author of…” attributions. As the title suggests, it was written by a woman: British novelist Dinah Maria Mulock Craik (1826-1887). The book falls into the popular advice genre, but is aimed at improving the lives of independent, single women, rather than the usual audience of housewives or fine ladies (and their servants). At the time of publication, the author was still Miss Mulock, not yet Mrs. Craik.
Donated by Robert S. Zetzer. JMM# 1998.86.100
Why does the Jewish Museum have this fine work? The inside cover includes the bookplate of a local woman, lawyer Rose S. Zetzer (1904-1998). I’m still learning the personalities in our collections, so I went to the database to look for more information.
Ms. Zetzer was born in Baltimore to Jacob and Baila Zetzer, Russian immigrants. In 1925 she graduated from the University of Maryland law school (where a fellowship is named in her honor), but had difficulty finding a job in the male-dominated field. So in 1940, she joined forces with Anna Carton, and they went ahead and formed the first all-female law firm in Maryland. Their offices were in the Munsey Building at Calvert and Fayette Streets, Baltimore. In our Zetzer collection we have this small poster printed by the owners, “welcoming the ladies” to the building:
Donated by Robert S. Zetzer. JMM# 1998.86.84b
Like all good artifacts, these two pieces raise questions the more you think about them. Did Mrs. Craik’s essay have a particular meaning for Rose Zetzer, or did she regard it as an historical novelty, amusingly related (or not) to her own life and career? Why did the ladies choose the Munsey Building – and were the landlords really all that ‘welcoming’? We know a fair amount about Ms. Zetzer’s career (read a little more about her life here and here, but in lists of impressive Firsts and Onlys, the smaller, everyday details of a person’s life can be lost. Items like these two, which might be considered little more than ephemera, can help bring those details back to life – even if only as a spark to the imagination.
A blog post by Collections Manager Joanna Church. To read more posts from Joanna click HERE.
Posted on March 26th, 2012 by Rachel
A blog post by Research Historian Deb Weiner. In honor of Women’s History Month, here are profiles of three Baltimore Jewish women whose landmark accomplishments are worth recalling, culled from the JMM archives.
Rose Shanis Glick came from Russia with her family in 1911, at age 12. As a young woman she became manager of a loan company. The owner promised she would have her job waiting for her when she returned from getting married, but when she got back, his son was sitting at her desk. So she started her own lending firm in 1932, in the midst of the Depression. Rose used the fact that she was a woman to her advantage. First, she built her business around lending to other women. This was a wise financial move: since women couldn’t get loans from conventional sources, she had the field to herself. She lent to housewives and waitresses, teachers and cleaning women, and entrepreneurs like herself. Second, she developed a great slogan: “Let me handle your financial problems as only a woman can.” It worked: soon she was serving all kinds of people.
Even as her company grew, Rose kept a personal touch. She lent money for purposes that more established companies wouldn’t touch: for a winter’s supply of coal, for Catholic families to buy school uniforms, for a taxi driver to get a license, for a gambler to pay off a Pimlico race track debt, for a woman to get an abortion. (Her husband disagreed with her over this last loan, but she told him it was better to help the woman go to a competent doctor, rather than get a cheap and dangerous procedure.) She loaned striking Bethlehem Steel workers money to tide them over until they went back to work, at no interest. During World War II she waived the interest on loans to customers serving overseas (and also sent each of them a pack of cigarettes).
Shanis’s reputation grew to the point that a Baltimore Sun columnist began calling her “The Lady Santa.” Combining her instinct for helping people with a shrewd business sense, she started using the nickname in her advertising. She became extremely successful—eventually, there were nine Rose Shanis Loan operations. She loved her work so much that at the end of her life she had her children bring her monthly business reports to her death bed. Her son took over the business after she died.
Rose Shanis in 1924.
Rose Zetzer became one of only five woman lawyers in Maryland in 1925. Unable to get a job at an established firm—though some offered to hire her as a secretary—she worked on her own before forming Maryland’s first all-female law firm with partner Anna Carton in 1941. (Two other women later joined the partnership.) Zetzer also waged a campaign to join the male-only Maryland State Bar Association, which finally admitted her as its first woman member in 1946. She and other female lawyers had formed the Women’s Bar Association in 1927; she served as president for several years.
Zetzer was a champion of legal aid for the poor, becoming the first woman to serve on the board of the Legal Aid Bureau. She devoted herself to Jewish causes as well, including Hadassah and the Jewish Big Brother League.
Rosalie Silber Abrams graduated from the Sinai Hospital School of Nursing and served as a nurse in the U.S. Navy before marrying and raising a family. At age fifty, she decided to embark on a political career. She won election to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1966 and became a state senator four years later. During her eighteen-year career, she helped pass bills focused on patient rights, child welfare, mental health care reform, environmental protection, and women’s rights. Her accomplishments included the creation of the state’s Health Service Cost Review Commission, a groundbreaking initiative to control hospital rates and enhance patient care.
Chosen Senate Majority Leader in 1979, Abrams was the first woman to hold a major leadership post in the Maryland General Assembly and also became the first female chairman of the state’s Democratic Party. She retired from the Senate to head the state Office on Aging in 1983, where she served until retiring in 1996. Though she began her political career relatively late in life, her background in health care, confidence, and practical political skills gained her the respect of her colleagues and made her an exemplary advocate for health and welfare issues.