Posted on March 4th, 2014 by Rachel
The Baltimore Jewish Times publishes unidentified photographs from the collection of Jewish Museum of Maryland each week. If you can identify anyone in these photos and more information about them, contact Jobi Zink, Senior Collections Manager and Registrar at 410.732.6400 x226 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Date run in Baltimore Jewish Times: August 30, 2013
PastPerfect Accession #: 1996.063.045
Status: Unidentified – do you know these young immigrants, associated with the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS)?
Posted on January 31st, 2014 by Rachel
On Sunday afternoon of January 26th, the JMM was humming with chatter, school groups and chilly visitors taking shelter from the icy Baltimore air. At 1 pm the commotion came to a pause when speaker Nick Fessenden, a retired history professor, took the stage in the orientation lobby of the JMM. Fessenden presented an intriguing talk titled, “Whose Side Are You On?: Baltimore’s Immigrants and Civil War.” The audience grew quiet and listened attentively as Mr. Fessenden set the scene, drawing them back to the Baltimore of the 1850′s and 1860′s.
Many audience members were surprised to learn that in the year 1860 more than 35% of Baltimore was composed of German, Irish and Jewish Immigrants and their children. The city of Baltimore was split into sections – divided by race, religion, and social ranking. Fessenden made no attempt to sugar coat many of the violent issues surrounding Baltimore and its politics during the Civil War era. Polls were abused and controlled by the native born working class Marylanders. Poll workers were targets of excruciating acts of violence.
Fessenden aimed to describe the difference between each minority group during this high-tension time. The German immigrants were the largest immigrant population in Baltimore at a whopping 25%. They were businessmen and farmers, and were spread across the entire social spectrum. About 7% of the German immigrant population was made up of Jews living in the city.
Fessenden laid out the Jewish perspective during this turbulent time. In Southern Maryland, Jewish slave-holders were incredibly rare. However, because the Jewish people felt insecure in a new, unknown country, they typically adopted the opinions of their neighbors. Jews in the south mostly empathized with the confederacy. On the other hand, Jews residing in Union areas took an anti-slavery stance.
Fessenden’s talk concluded with a flurry of interesting and insightful questions from the audience. The listeners questioned the violence in Baltimore, the voting system in Maryland, and various other questions surrounding Jewish life and culture in Baltimore during the Civil War.
A blog post by Education Intern Molly Gamble. To read more posts by interns, click HERE. If you are interested in interning at the Jewish Museum of Maryland, you can find open internship opportunities HERE.
Posted on January 3rd, 2013 by Jennifer
Here is one of our most recent Mansuscript Collections processed in the Spring of 2012.
Hebrew Young Men’s Sick Relief Association Papers
The Jewish Museum of Maryland
ACCESS AND PROVENANCE
The Hebrew Young Men’s Sick Relief Association Papers were found in the collection of the Jewish Museum of Maryland and given the accession number 2006.48.001 and 1996.164.028. The collection was processed in May of 2012.
Access to the collection is unrestricted and is available to researchers at the Jewish Museum of Maryland. Researchers must obtain the written permission of the Jewish Museum of Maryland before publishing quotations from materials in the collection. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library’s usual procedures.
50th Anniversary committee Hebrew Young Men's Sick Relief Association, 1938. Courtesy of Paul Frankle. 2009.53.1
The Hebrew Young Men’s Sick Relief Association was founded in September 1888 by three recent immigrants; Aaron Grollman, Feivel Kirshner and Samuel Levi. Its main purpose was to assist immigrant Jews from Russia and Lithuania settling in Baltimore. They adopted the slogan: “Love, Brotherhood and Friendship”. Services included: assisting members in time of sickness, aiding widows and orphans, and in times of disaster offering aid to all regardless of faith.
The Association established a Chevra Kadisha to properly attend to deceased members. In 1893 they purchased land and dedicated it for a cemetery. In 1936 a new cemetery was bought on Windsor Mill Road. The organization next established an endowment fund where, upon the death of a member, $200.00 was paid to the widows and orphans to assist them and prevent them from becoming public charges.
In public disasters the Association did its share and offered aid to the suffering regardless of faith; in February 1904 when Baltimore had its Big Fire, during World Wars I and II, and after the Balfour Declaration contributed toward the establishment and development of Israel.
The Hebrew Young Men’s Sick and Relief Association celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in 1938 when it had nearly a thousand members. The Association was still in existence as late as 1978.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The Hebrew Young Men’s Sick Relief Association collection consists of administrative documents records and programs. Records include constitution and by-laws in English and Yiddish, financial reports, agreements with cemeteries and minutes of meetings.
Minutes include financial statements and rosters with the earliest in Yiddish. There is information regarding programs and events from 1938 to 1978.